Automation testing is the process of testing software and other technology products to ensure they meet stringent requirements. Basically, it is a test to check once again whether the equipment or software is doing exactly what it was designed for. Tests for errors, defects and any other problems that may arise during product development.
By choosing automated testing, companies are able to simplify their testing procedures to deliver maximum return on investment (ROI). Why? Because automated testing can shorten the development life cycle, eliminate the possibility of human error, and automate everyday and monotonous tasks.
Why is automation needed?
The use of automation technology also means that testing can be performed more frequently, improving overall functionality. Software development cycles require repeated testing, often the same test over and over again. Automation testing allows this, without taking team members away from other work. It can also give more accurate and reliable results than manual testing itself. Further, ensure that the product is ready for the market or to move to the next stage of development. This validation gives the team an incentive to continue developing.
Most importantly, automation benefits product development. This is because when software, applications, or other products can be designed and produced more efficiently, it opens up space for continuous development once launched. In essence, the company will be able to work on more software and products, even with the same number of team members, thanks to automation. Not only does this mean perfecting the final products they bring out, but it also means constantly creating new software.
What are the benefits of automation testing?
Software testing has many benefits. Here are some of the biggest benefits of using automated testing for software development:
- Detailed reporting capabilities – Automated testing uses well-crafted test cases for different scenarios. These scripted sequences can be incredibly detailed and provide detailed reports that simply would not be possible when done by humans. Not to mention providing them in a shorter amount of time.
- Improved error detection – One of the main reasons for product testing is to detect errors and other defects. Automatic testing makes this process easier. It is also able to analyze wider test coverage than humans could.
- Simplifies Testing – Testing is a routine part of most SaaS and technology companies’ operations. The key is to make it as simple as possible. The use of automation is extremely useful. When test tools are automated, test scripts can be reused. Meanwhile, manual testing requires writing one line of code for the same test case, each time it needs to be run.
- It speeds up the testing process – Machines and automated technology work faster than humans. With improved precision, that’s why we use them. In turn, this shortens the development cycles of your software.
- Reduces human intervention – Tests can be performed at any time of the day, even overnight, without the need for people to monitor it. In addition, when implemented automatically, this can also reduce the risk of human error.
- Saves time and money – Testing can be time-consuming. Although automation may require an initial investment, it can save money, in the long run, to make it more profitable. Team members use their time in other areas and are no longer required to conduct manual testing in many situations. This improves their workflow.
Which tests should be automated?
It is not possible to automate all tests at once. So you have to decide which tests to automate first. Let’s look at the types of tests that can benefit from automation and therefore need to be automated:
- Tests that can lead to failure due to human error
- Repetitive and monotonous tests
- Extensive tests that require multiple data sets
- Tests that cannot be performed manually
- Tests that would take a lot of time manually
- High-risk tests
- Tests to be performed on several different hardware and/or software platforms
The automation test process
The automated testing process should be something that the team is familiar with technical professionals, and especially developers. Wondering how to start automation testing from scratch? Here is a summary of the automation testing process, from tool selection to execution.
Select the test tool you want to use
We went through different types of automation testing. Now is the time to choose the one that best suits your needs. For example, if your goal is to detect a specific bug in your software, you may be more inclined to use code analysis automation testing.
You can choose from a wide range of test automation tools and web applications on the market, such as Selenium IDE, WebDriver, UFT, Ranorek, Cucumber, Testcomplete and Appium. Some should be able to access Microsoft, and many offer instructions on how to use them. Some are even open source. So, you will need to have a good understanding of each tool and how it can benefit your testing.
Determine the scope of automation
This refers to the test area that will be automated and how large it will be. In this step, you will walk through the state of your team, prepare test data and the environment in which the test will take place. Automatic testing means that human interference is rarely necessary, so you can leave the test to run when you are away.
Here are some additional factors to consider when determining the scope of your automated testing:
- Test complexity
- The main objectives of testing
- How many resources and business components are used
- Technical feasibility
The planning phase will deal with creating a testing strategy. This includes your automation testing tool and how you will use it, the design of your framework and functions, and your goals. What do you want to find out by the end of the test? You will also need to create a detailed timeline for scripting and executing test cases with the development team that will conduct the tests. You will also need to consider automation items within and outside the scope.
This is the penultimate stage in the automation testing process. Now that you have your testing tool and strategy, it’s time to run the test. Depending on the test you choose, your developers may need to write code, learn the Web Services Description Language (VDSL), and run the test automatically from the beginning using the tool API or user interface.
API testing may also be necessary before you begin. Your automated tests will also generate a report that you will analyze with the rest of your team. Gives a summary of testing so far. This can be used in future comparison tests.
Ongoing maintenance should be part of your automation testing process. This is especially necessary if you plan to run tests with your reusable scripts in the future. Because even though you will have the script ready to use, it will still need to be updated by the time you run the next test if your tool has changed.
Ongoing maintenance also provides security as the team moves to the next stage or retreats to perform another test. When the method is tried and tested several times, you are more likely to get an accurate result.
Finding the right tools to make automation
Automation can really change the way you run your business. Now is the time to embrace new technology and learn methodologies to make the workday more efficient and effective. Don’t be afraid to try a few different tools to see which works best for you. After all, every business is different, as are the software or products you create.
Remember the following steps:
- Choice of testing tools
- Determining the scope of automation
- Planning and strategy
- Ongoing test maintenance
Using automated testing is the best way to ensure that your company stays up to date with troubleshooting, defects, and problems that can quickly worsen the manufacturing process if not remedied as soon as possible.